US v. Squirrel, No. 08-4150

By FindLaw Staff on December 08, 2009 | Last updated on March 21, 2019

In a conviction of defendants for being accessories-after-the-fact to first degree murder, judgment holding the defendants jointly and severally liable for additional restitution to the victim's estate in the amount of $1,459,854.22 is vacated and remanded as, unless a plea agreement provides otherwise, an order of restitution under the (Mandatory Victims Restitution Act of 1996) MVRA is to be based upon the loss directly and proximately caused by the defendant's offense, and here, the restitution paragraphs in defendants' plea agreements do not provide a valid basis for the district court's decision holding them jointly and severally liable to the victim's estate under the MVRA for her lost future income from the Tribe and her lost future wages.     

Read US v. Squirrel, No. 08-4150

Appellate Information

Argued: October 15, 2009

Decided: December 7, 2009


Opinion by Circuit Judge  Hamilton


For Appellant:  Randolph Marshall Lee

For Appellee:   Jennifer A. Youngs, Office of the United States Attorney

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